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Restorative Dentistry


Unfortunately, sometimes we need to undergo restorative procedures to fix broken, chipped, cracked or decaying teeth. There are several different ways to fix a tooth, depending on how severe the tooth’s condition is in. During an examination, your dentist will be able to diagnose potential or existing conditions, diseases, disorders or problems. Your dentist’s main area of focus during the exam is on the oral cavity, head and neck. The following items listed are the basic restorative procedures, done by general dentists. You may or may not need to see a specialist to complete your smile makeover.


Dental bonding takes place when a tooth-colored resin material is applied to the tooth, then hardened with a special light, ‘bonding’ the material to the tooth. Generally, decaying, chipped, cracked, discolored and uneven teeth receive bonding treatments.

Dental Fillings

Dental fillings’ refer to the process of fixing, or filling cavities. Dentists will remove the decayed part of the tooth, then ‘fill’ it with a material. Usually the material used is gold, silver amalgam, porcelain, or composite resins.

Root Canal

Root canals are performed by Endodontists. The Endodontist removes infected pulp tissue within the root chamber of the tooth. The hollow tooth is then filled with an antibacterial filling and the tooth is capped with a crown.

Dental Crowns

Dental crowns are basically tooth-shaped caps that are placed over a tooth that has been shaved or shrunk down in size. The crown completely covers the old tooth, restoring its shape, size, strength and appearance. Crowns can be temporary or permanent and made of all metal, porcelain-fused-to-metal, all resin, or all ceramic.

Dental Bridges

Dental bridges literally bridge the gap between missing teeth. Bridges are made of two crowns for the teeth on both sides of the gap. They are supported by natural teeth and/or implants, and come in three main types: traditional, cantilever, and Maryland bonded.


Dentures are removable, fake teeth used to replace missing teeth and gums. Dentures come two ways: full or partial. Personal habits change when dentures are used to fix teeth, as one must learn to eat and speak again. However, they are a great alternative to implants or veneers.

Dental Implants

Implants replace tooth roots and provide improvement in appearance, speech and comfort. They are beginning to replace dentures and bridges these days as they grow in popularity, however they are not covered under most insurances and can be expensive.

Periodontal Treatment

Depending on the severity of your gum disease, your periodontal treatment may include tooth scaling, deep cleaning, surgery or laser surgery. Periodontists, family and general dentists may perform gum disease treatment.


Veneers are more of a cosmetic procedure. They are made of materials including porcelain and/or resin composite material and change your original tooth’s color, shape, size and length. They are custom-made shells that are bonded the the front of your teeth.

Page updated September 2012



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